The 75th NZ issue continues the major topic of the previous release. It deals with “modernization”, one of the main political slogans of the Russian politics of the past year and the sore point of the last three centuries of the Russian history. Whereas the 74th NZ issue has been focused, first of all, on theoretical and modern Russian political implications of “modernization”, this issue basically analyzes its separate historical versions — and also “modernization experience” of the various Russian regions and other countries.
There are three main thematic blocks in the issue, and accompanying them Comparative Studies section, which is geographically motley, but devoted primarily to one topic. Various national versions of the accomplished and unaccomplished modernization are analyzed in the articles by Alexander Mescheryakov (“Modernization of the Japanese Body: from Paternalism to Nationalization”), Alexander Bobrakov-Timoshkin (“Why in Czechia There Was No Modernization? Several Transformations and Single Normalization”), and Yury Drakokhrust (“Modernization: Byelorussian Way”). Certainly, in a domestic historical context one of the main modernizations is the Soviet one. The first of the thematic blocks “Soviet Spaces of Modernization” is devoted thereto. Alexey Makarkin analyzes “collectivism” and “individuality” parity in so-called “Brezhnev’s modernization”, and Vyacheslav Gerovich asks a rather unexpected question “Why the Soviet Union Did Not Build a Nationwide Computer Network?” The selection ends with a curious research by Vadim Mikhailin devoted to modernization framework and a gender order based on the materials of the Soviet cinema. The first block is adjoined by an interview with the president of Institute of National Model of Economy Vitaly Naishul.
From historical measurement of “modernization” we pass to the modern Russian regional context. This is the topic of the second thematic section. Natalia Zubarevich provides the general remarks concerning the perspectives of regional modernization (“Russian Regions: from Crisis to Modernization?”), the North Caucasian situation is analyzed in the article by Sergey Markedonov (“The North Caucasus: Modernization Perspectives of Uneasy Region”) and Irina Starodubrovskaya (“Modernization in the North Caucasus: Is There Any Decision?”). The regional block is adjoined by materials of the “round table”, that took place under “Saburov Readings” conference, analyzing results of the last reform of local self-government in Russia (or, more likely, absence of the real reform).
A separate, but very bright example of “Orthodox”, “patriotic” modernization is analyzed in a mini-research by Olga Sveshnikova “Orthodoxy + Modern Technologies = “Mir””; the article by Alek D. Epstein and Oleg Vasiliev “Power, Church and Problem of Freedom of Creativity in Modern Russia” continues the topic.
The third thematic section is devoted to a quite concrete subject connected with functioning of the state memorial estate Tsaritsyno. “History” in the frameworks of private, but connected with state ideology “modernization project” — the main plot of these texts. NZ editorial board has gone on small experiment: this materials represent the results of research of teachers, post-graduate students and students of the National Research University — Higher School of Economics which has been carried out under the project “Human Being and Public Space in Modern Moscow: Research of Cultural Transformations”. Boris Stepanov and Darya Khlevnyuk analyze how “historicity” of Tsaritsyno monuments during their restoration and museumfication is transformed. Natalia Samutina and Natalia Komarova focus attention to figurative-stylistic characteristics of updated Tsaritsyno. Roman Abramov and Ekaterina Fen’ try to approach to studying of groups and communities “realizing their interests” in the Tsaritsyno park.
In the 75th NZ issue as usually there are headings by Alexey Levinson (Sociological Lyrics), Alexander Kustarev (Political Imaginary) and Ilya Kalinin (Daily Political Economy). In Around NZ section there is polemics between Lev Usyskin and Nikita Sokolov around the Sokolov’s article ““Russian Modernization” from the Copper Horseman to Iron Felix”, published in the 71st NZ issue. This issue ends with traditional Russian Intellectual Journals’ Review (by Vyacheslav Morozov and Petr Rezvykh) and the New Books section in which it is necessary to allocate the reviews by Andrey Zakharov and Anzhelika Kurukulasuriya, directly connected with the main topic of the issue.